Added: Layton Sacco - Date: 31.03.2022 13:59 - Views: 26451 - Clicks: 6006
A variety of effective treatments are available for heroin use disorder, including both behavioral and pharmacological medications. Both approaches help to restore a degree of normalcy to brain function and behavior, resulting in increased employment rates and lower risk of HIV and other diseases and criminal behavior. Although behavioral and pharmacologic treatments can be extremely useful when utilized alone, research shows that for many people, integrating both types of treatments is the most effective approach. Scientific research has established that pharmacological treatment of opioid use disorder increases retention in treatment programs and decreases drug use, infectious disease transmission, and criminal activity.
When people addicted to opioids like heroin first quit, they undergo withdrawal symptoms pain, diarrhea, nausea, and vomiting , which may be severe. Medications can be helpful in this detoxification stage to ease craving and other physical symptoms that can often prompt a person to relapse. The FDA approved lofexidine, a non-opioid medicine deed to reduce opioid withdrawal symptoms. While not a treatment for addiction itself, detoxification is a useful first step when it is followed by some form of evidence-based treatment. Medications developed to treat opioid use disorders work through the same opioid receptors as the addictive drug, but are safer and less likely to produce the harmful behaviors that characterize a substance use disorder.
Three types of medications include: 1 agonists, which activate opioid receptors; 2 partial agonists, which also activate opioid receptors but produce a smaller response; and 3 antagonists, which block the receptor and interfere with the rewarding effects of opioids. Effective medications include:. The many effective behavioral treatments available for opioid use disorder can be delivered in outpatient and residential settings. Approaches such as contingency management and cognitive-behavioral therapy have been shown to effectively treat heroin use disorder, especially when applied in concert with medications.
Contingency management uses a voucher-based system in which patients earn "points" based on negative drug tests, which they can exchange for items that encourage healthy living. An important task is to match the best treatment approach to meet the particular needs of the patient. National Institutes of Health. Drug Topics. More Drug Topics. About NIDA. Research Report. Heroin Research Report What are the treatments for heroin use disorder?
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Drug and alcohol group therapy.